Law Dictionary Of Legal Terminology

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In merchandise liability regulation, an individual who neither buys nor makes use of a product, however who nonetheless is injured by the product and will have a cause of action. A willful attempt or menace to harm another person, coupled with the current capability to inflict damage on that individual, which causes apprehension in that individual. Although the time period “assault” is regularly used to explain the usage of illegal force, the proper legal term for use of illegal force is “battery .” In a civil case, the defendant’s written response to the plaintiff’s grievance. It have to be filed inside a specified time frame, and it both admits to or denies the factual or legal foundation for legal responsibility. Normally a defendant has 30 days in which to file an answer after being served with the plaintiff’s criticism. In some courts, an answer is just referred to as a “response”.

Black’s Regulation Dictionary 10th Ed

The get together who complains or sues; one who applies to the court docket for legal redress. Also called the plaintiff. Compensatory Damages.

Body of law involved with personal rights and cures, as contrasted with legal regulation. Compare with criminal law.

Damages that cover precise injury or financial loss. Compensatory damages are supposed to put the injured get together in the position he was in prior to the damage. Compensatory damages usually embrace medical expenses, lost wages and the restore or alternative of property. Also referred to as “actual damages”. Collateral Source Rule. The rule ensures that compensation awarded to a plaintiff in a lawsuit won’t be decreased if the plaintiff receives compensation for the same injury from one other supply, such as insurance. Under the rule, a defendant tort-feasor is unable to benefit from the fact that the plaintiff received money from another supply, similar to insurance coverage, because of the defendant’s tort.

Contingent Fee Agreement . An settlement between an lawyer and his or her consumer whereby the legal professional agrees to symbolize the shopper for a share of the amount recovered. This payment agreement is frequently used in private harm actions. Law deriving its authority from utilization and customs or judgments of courts recognizing and enforcing such usages and customs. Generally, law made by judges rather than by legislatures.

A written assertion of details confirmed by the oath of the celebration making it, earlier than a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths. For instance, in civil cases, affidavits of witnesses are sometimes used to support motions for summary judgment. Admissible Evidence. Evidence that can be legally and properly introduced in a civil or legal trial.

Law Dictionary

Action dropped at implement non-public rights. Generally, all actions except felony actions.